SpaceX just launched a Tesla Roadster to Mars on this: SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy rocket.
Sources reveal that the company had never really planned to put the car in an orbit directly around the planet Mars the way the moon orbits earth, despite Musk’s claim that its “destination is Mars orbit.” That would require in-space maneuvering which the Tesla Roadster is not equipped to do.
This was the Falcon Heavy’s maiden flight. It’s the launch that everyone’s been waiting for. The Falcon Heavy is a monster.
It has 27 engines, can generate more power than 18 747 jumbo jets, and is the most powerful rocket to fly since NASA’s moon rocket, the Saturn V.
Making it the most powerful functioning rocket on Earth. This is one of SpaceX’s most difficult launches. Musk even said “Just bear in mind that there is a good chance this monster rocket blows up.”
Initially, SpaceX was intended to put the roadster into an orbit around the sun that would frequently bring it near to Mars, a preliminary step toward a direct approach. As you can see in the diagram above, the red car will pass by the red planet fairly closely, at least in terms of previous relative distances between cars and astronomical bodies.
But according to Musk—SpaceX hasn’t made an official statement yet—the vehicle “exceeded Mars orbit”; apparently there was more oomph in the second stage of the Falcon Heavy than expected, and now the Roadster will also get a fly-by of the asteroid belt. Astronomers and amateur space object trackers are trying to get more details from the company about the precise position of the unusual spacecraft.
The vehicle is more capable than expected, especially after a six hour cruise through the radiation in the Van Allen Belt, which will help convince clients like the US Air Force to use the rocket in the future.
SpaceX retrieved each of the 3 boosters for possible reuse. They landed one booster on a drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean and 2 at its landing base in Florida.